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答案: 首先,尤其重要的,最重要的 above all 偶然,无意中 by accident 对(于)…很积极 be active in 合计为 add up to 承让错误 admit one's mistake 接受某人的建议 take / follow one's advice 就…提出建议 give advice on 建议某人做某事 advice sb. to do sth. 后天 the day after tomorrow 毕竟;终究 after all 违心 against one's will在…岁时 at the age of 实现目标 achieve one's aim 在空中;悬而未决 in the air 在户外,在露天里 in the open air 在机场 at the airport 火警 the fire alarm 满腔怒火 be filled with anger 因某人之言行而生气 be angry at sth. 生某人的气 be angry with sb. 通知 make an announcement 相继地,按顺序地 one after another 相互,彼此(三者或三者以上之间) one another 相互(指两者之间) each other 没有回答 give no answer 为…而担心 be anxious about 急于做某事 be anxious to do sth. 分开住 live apart 除了 apart from 因某事向某人认错或道歉 make/offer an apology to sb for sth. 与某人争论某事 argue with sb. about sth. 放在一边 lay sth. aside 请某人指点 / 帮助 ask sb. for advice / help 惊讶于… be astonished at sth. 以前,曾经 at one time 注意 pay attention to 对…抱正确的态度 take a correct attitude towards sth. 引起(注意,兴趣等) attract one's attention 仰卧/仰泳 lie / swim on one's back 重感冒 a bad cold 两件行李 two pieces of baggage 保持/失去平衡 keep / lose one's balance 在舞会上 at the ball 洗冷水澡 have / take a cold bath 阵亡 be killed in battle 在海滩 on the beach 整理床铺 make the bed 以…开始 begin with 在…起始,开始 at the beginning of 自始自终 from beginning to end 形成…局面;产生 come into being 安全带 a safety belt 三思而后行。 Second thoughts are best. 尽力,尽最大的努力 do / try one's best 量利用,善用 make the best of 一切顺利,万事如意 all the best 黑体地,粗体地 in bold 出身于农民家庭 be born in a peasant's family 鞠躬 make a bow 动动脑子 use one's brains 打破纪录 break the record 深吸一口气 take a deep breath 屏息;憋住气 hold one's breath 上气不接下气 out of breath 刷牙 brush one's teeth 突然哭起来 burst into tears 突然一阵大笑 a burst of laughter 要不是 but for 呼救声 a call for help 保持镇静(别慌) keep calm 保持安静(别吵) keep quiet 保持不动(别动) keep still 保持沉默(别说话) keep silent 夏令营 a summer camp 去野营 go camping 情不自禁… cannot help doing 打牌 play cards 照顾,保管 take care of 医疗护理 medical care 假若那样的话 in that case 以防万一 in case 下倾盆大雨 rain cats and dogs 赶上(或超过) catch up with 偶然 by chance 免费 free of charge 主管,在掌管之下 in charge 由…负责 in the charge of 掌管,负责 take charge 高兴起来 cheer up 童年时 in one's childhood 挑选,选择 make a choice 圣诞节时 at Christmas 去做礼拜 go to church 烟头 cigarette end 为…鼓掌 give sb. a clap 接近 get close to 一块桌布 a table cloth 一套衣服 a suit of clothes 童装 children's clothing 集邮 collect stamps 产生,发生 come about 偶然)遇见或发现 come across 走过来;长出,发芽,上升;抬头 come up 共同,共有 in common 参加比赛 compete in a contest 举办音乐会 give a concert 条件是 on condition that 祝贺某人 congratulate sb. on sth. 相反地 on the contrary 失控 out of control 与…谈话;交谈 have a conversation with sb. 在…期间/过程中 in / during the course of 被…覆盖 be covered with 因某事和某人发脾气 be cross with sb. at sth. 划掉 cross out 对…残忍 be cruel to sb. 立方米 cubic meter 对…感到好奇 be curious about sth. 对…造成巨大损害 do great damage to 处境危险 in danger 过时 out of date 在不久前,前几天 the other day 对…充耳不闻 be deaf to sth. 对付,应付 deal with 负债 in debt 还清债务 out of debt 做出决定 make a decision 做好事 do good deeds 付诸行动,生效 do the deed 直到深夜 deep into the night 沉思 deep in thought 决心做某事 be determined to do sth. 对…有益 do good to 挨门挨户 from door to door 剧场的入口 the entrance to the theater 在除夕 on New Year's Eve 虽然,即使 even if / even though 时事 current events 参加考试 have / take an examination 进行体格检查 carry out a medical examination 考试及格 pass an examination 为…树立榜样 set an example to sb. 春节 the Spring Festival 靠武力,强行 by force 用很大力气 with great force 养成好习惯 form a good habit 同…交朋友 make friends with 那时起 from then on 不时地,时常 from time to time 不劳而获。 No pains, no gains. 代沟 generation gap 开始认真(做某事) get down to sth. 用尽,耗尽,筋疲力尽 give out 向人瞪眼,怒目而视 glare at 复习功课 go over the lesson 犯语法错误 make mistakes in grammar 懂某人的意思 grasp one's meaning 过幸福生活 live a happy life 保持镇静 keep one's head 记住某事 learn / know sth. by heart 握住;抓住 catch / take / get hold of 为(向)… 表示敬意;为了纪念… in honour of 对某人抱很大希望 have high hope for sb. 怀着…的希望 in the hope of doing sth. 打猎 go hunting 匆匆忙忙 in a hurry 不知道 have no idea 但愿,要是…就好了 if only 给某人留下好印象 make a good impression on sb. 慢慢前进 inch one's way forward 患难之交才是真朋友。 A friend in need is a friend indeed. 告诉某人某事 inform sb of sth 坚持要做 insist on doing 视察工厂 inspect a factory 激动人心的演讲 an inspiring speech 急需帮助 in instant need of help 打断谈话 interrupt a conversation 介绍信 a letter of introduction 收到请帖 receive an invitation 邀请信 a letter of invitation 讲笑话 tell a joke 和某人开玩笑 play a joke with sb. 旅行 make a journey 使某人高兴的是 to one's joy 不可以貌取人。 Don't judge a man by his looks. 初中 a junior high school 正在那时 just then 与…保持联系 keep in touch with 使…不进入… keep out of 成功的秘诀 the key to success 踢门 kick the door 踢掉鞋子 kick off one's shoes 跪下 go down / fall on one's knees 敲门 knock at the door 最迟,至迟 at the latest 迟早 sooner or later 哈哈大笑起来 burst into laughter 违(守)法 break / obey the law 制定一条法律 make a law 摆设餐具(准备吃饭) lay the table 过着简朴的生活 lead a simple life 忽略,遗漏 leave out 听关于…的讲座 attend a lecture on 给某人一个教训 teach sb. a lesson 从…在中吸取教训 take a lesson from 惊讶地叫了一声 let out a cry of surprise 透漏消息 let out the news 大写字母 a capital letter 仰卧 / 俯卧 lie on one's back / stomach 复活,苏醒过来 come back to life 交通信号灯 traffic lights 列一张购物清单 make a shopping list 谋生,度日 make a living 丧生,死;牺牲 lose one's life 泄气;灰心 lose heart 失音 lose one's voice 输一场 lose a game 祝你好运。 Wish you good luck. 洗衣机 a washing machine 欣喜若狂 be mad with joy 邮寄包裹 send the parcel by mail 赚钱 make money 交朋友 make friends 取得进步 make progress 利用 make use of 编造故事 make up a story 弥补某人的过失 make up for one's mistake 有礼貌 have good manners 商标 a trade mark 满分 full marks观看一场篮球比赛 watch a basketball match 进行比赛 have a match 祝你成功。 May you success. 五一节 May Day 通过这种方式 by this means 用…方法,依靠 by means of 决不 by no means 按…尺寸做 make…to one's measure 采取措施 take a measure 量身高 measure one's height 获得金牌 get a gold medal 医疗队 a medical team 体检 medical examination 吃药 take / have some medicine 满足…的需要 meet the needs of 遇到风暴 meet with a storm 去开会 go to a meeting 开会 have a meeting 举行会议 hold a meeting 为纪念 in memory of 对…一点儿也不怜悯 have no mercy on sb. 毫不容情地;残忍地 without mercy 在…支配下;任由…摆布 at the mercy of 圣诞快乐! Merry Christmas! 给某人捎个信儿 take a message for sb. 中秋节 Mid-autumn Day 上百万的,许许多多的 millions of 改变主意 change one's mind 当心油漆未干。 Mind the wet paint! 下决心 make up one's mind 外交部长 the minister of foreign affairs 错过机会 miss an opportunity 犯错误 make a mistake 由疏忽所致 by mistake 现代 in modern times 零钱 small money 某人身上没(带)钱 have no money with sb. 选某人为班长 make sb. monitor 某一天清早 on the early morning 在山顶上 at the top of the mountain 参加海军 join the navy 如果有必要的话 if necessary 需要帮助 in need of help 呈现一片新面貌 take on a new look 打某人的鼻子 hit sb. on the nose 做笔记 make / take notes 与…无关 have nothing to do with 张贴通知 put up a notice 对某人毫不在意 pay no notice to sb.运转着,实施中 be in operation 订购某物 place an order for sth. 失业了 out of work 一副眼镜 a pair of glasses 颐和园 the Summer Palace 此处禁止停车! No parking here! 在…方面起积极作用 take an active part in 在过去的几天里 in the past few days 对某人有耐心 be patient with sb. 熟能生巧。 Practice makes perfect. 演出,表演 put on performances 亲自,当面 in person 给某人照相 take a photo of sb. 弹钢琴 play the piano 摘花 pick flowers 捡钱包 pick up a wallet 去野餐 go out for a picnic 一堆书 a pile of books 可怜某人(因同情而帮助某人) have / take pity on sb. 出于同情 out of pity 代替 in place of 坐某人的座位,代替某人的职务 take one's place 举行,发生 take place 代替,代理 take the place of 订计划 make a plan 玩牌 play cards 对某人开一个玩笑 play a joke on sb. 与…一起玩 play with sb. 在操场上 on the playground 对…感到满意 be pleased with 喜欢做某事 take pleasure in doing sth. 生活富裕 live in plenty 正要…的时候 on the point of 对某人有礼貌 be polite to sb. 受某人喜爱 be popular with sb. 占有,拥有 take possession of 发电站 power station 当权,执政 take power 因为某事赞扬某人 praise sb. for sth. 赞扬 in praise of 出席会议 be present at a meeting 眼下 at present 互赠礼物 exchange presents 在压力下 under pressure 防止某人做某事 prevent sb. from doing 以…为代价 at the price of 无论花多少代价(不惜任何代价) at any price 以…为自豪;对…感到得意 take pride in 小学 primary school 入狱,被监禁 go to prison 在狱中服刑 be in prison 将某人送进监狱 throw / put sb. into prison 越狱 escape from prison 解决问题 solve the problem 回答问题 answer the question 遵守诺言 keep one's promise 答应,许下诺言 make a promise 以…自豪 be proud of 养家糊口 provide food and clothes for one's family 公共事务 public affairs 舆论 public opinion 当众,公开 in public 出版社 publishing house 故意地 on purpose 把…推到一边 push aside 推倒,(风)刮倒 push over 拖延,推迟 put off 不可能 out of the question 接力赛 a relay race 通过无线电广播 on the radio 衣衫褴褛,穿破衣服 in rags 在火车站 at the railway station 小(大)雨 light / heavy rain 一线希望 a ray of hope 伸手去拿 reach for sth. 够不着 out of ones' reach 乐意干某事 be ready to do 事实上 in reality 实现希望 realize one's hope 为此,为此理由 for this reason 接待处 reception desk 参考;谈到 refer to 留在某人的记忆中 remain in one's memory 提醒某人做某事 remind sb. to do sth. 使某人想起 remind sb. of sth. 应…请求 by request 因此,结果 as a result 盛产;有大量的… be rich in 除掉 get rid of 抢走某人某物 rob sb. of sth. 起重要作用 play an important role 扮演…的角色 play the role of 给…腾出地方 make room for 对某人无礼 be rude to sb. 用完 run out of 高峰时间,拥挤时间 rush hour 满足某人的需要 satisfy one's needs 节省体力 save one's strength 也就是说 that is to say 为某事责备某人 scold sb. for sth. 就座,坐下 take one's seat 不让人知道某事,保密 keep sth. a secret 抓住小偷的衣领 seize a thief by the collar 与某人握手 shake hands with sb. 店员;营业员 shop assistant 领某人出去/进来 show sb. out / in 炫耀 show off 对岸;在…另一面 on the other side of 支持某人(方) take the side of 站在…一边 take sides in 看不见 lose sight of 看到,发现 catch sight out 看不见 out of sight 静静地 in silence 和…类似的 be similar to 单程票 single ticket 量…的大小(尺寸) take the size of 偷偷塞给某人一张纸条 slip a note into one's hand 在雪地上滑倒 slip on the snow 克服困难 smooth away difficulties大约 or so 与…有关系 have something to dowith 国歌 the national song 大胆地说,清楚并响亮地说 speak out 发言,演讲 make a speech 以…的速度 at a speed of 平方公里 square kilometers 代表,象征 stand for 饿死 starve to death 处于良好状态 in a good state 逐步地,一步一步地 step by step 遵守诺言 stick to one's word / promise 趴在地上 lie on one's stomach 四层楼的住宅 a house of four storeys 赶上风暴 be caught in the storm 对…要求严格 be strict with sb. in sth. 擦火柴 strike a match 挣扎着起来 struggle to one's feet 仔细研究 make a study of 突然,冷不防 all of a sudden 暑假 summer holidays 向某人供应/提供 supply sb. with sth. 使某人惊奇的是 to one's surprise 擦脸上的汗 sweat off one's face 坐下吃饭 sit down to table 纳税 pay one's taxes 沏茶 make tea 用望远镜 through a telescope 讲故事 tell a story 辨别,分清 tell one from the other 量体温 take one's temperature 数以万计 tens of thousands of 被…吓了一跳 be terrified at 因某事感谢某人 be thankful to sb. for sth. 扔掉 throw away 吐出(食物),呕吐 throw up 立刻,很快 in no time 交通堵塞 traffic jam 跟某人开玩笑,欺骗某人 play a trick on sb. 处于困境(苦恼)中 be in trouble 一条裤子 a pair of trousers 上大学 attend university 拜访某人 pay a visit to sb. 高声地(喊) at the top of one's voice 在交战 at war 穿旧;使筋疲力尽 wear out 拔草 pull out the weeds 穿着白色衣服 be dressed in white 通盘,作为整体 as a whole 总的来说 on the whole 有志者事竟成。 Where there is a will, there is a way. 乐意做某事 be willing to do sth. 擦掉灰尘 wipe off the dust 创造奇迹 make wonders 不足为奇;难怪 no wonder 插话 get in a word 和某人说句话 have a word with sb. 总之,简言之 in a word

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